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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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Arciszewski's offer, his gesture in once again reaching out a hand of
reconciliation, had no echo in Moscow. It had no echo anywhere.
The Polish Memorandum handed to London and Washington on
22nd January, suffered the same fate. The Polish Government suggested
the appointment of an inter-Allied Commission to take over the temporary
administration of Polish territory until free elections could be held. The
Poles also urged that an international military commission be present
during the elections to ensure order, The Memorandum read as follows :—
" The Polish Government assume that questions concerning Poland will
be discussed during the pending meeting of the highest Executives of the
Great Allied Powers. With full confidence in the resolve of the Prime
Minister of Great Britain to assure to the Allied Polish Republic genuine
independence and to guarantee its rights, the Polish Government desire to
take advantage of this occasion in order to state their views as follows :
" 1. The Polish Government are of the opinion that territorial questions
should be settled after the termination of hostilities. In this matter, the
opinion of the Polish Government coincides with the general principles
enunciated by the Governments of Great Britain and the United States of
cc The Polish Government are prepared for a friendly settlement of the
Polish-Soviet dispute, arising from the claims of the U.S.S.R. to the Eastern
territories of the Polish Republic, and they will agree to any method pro-
vided for by international law for a just and equitable settlement of the
dispute, with the participation of both sides.
cc Furthermore, the Polish Government are determined to conclude with
the U.S.S.R. an alliance, guaranteeing the security of both States., and to
collaborate closely with the Government of the U.S.S.R. within the frame-
work of a universal international security organisation and within that of
an economic organisation of the States of Central-Eastern Europe, How-
ever, remembering that Poland, as one of the United Nations in the common
straggle for the freedom of the world, made immense sacrifices in material
and spiritual values, and lost nearly one-fifth of her population killed in
battles, massacred in penal camps and ghettos, perished in prisons,, in
banishment and in forced-labour camps—the Polish Government cannot be
expected to recognise decision unilaterally arrived at.
" The Polish Government are convinced that the simultaneous establish-
ment and guarantee of the entire territorial status of the Polish Republic,
the settlement of the dispute with the U.S.S.R., the allocation to Poland
of the territories situated North and West of her frontiers, embracing lands
to which she is justly entitled, the assurance of her genuine independence
and of full rights to organise her internal life in conformity with the will
of the Polish Nation, untrammelled by any foreign intervention—are matters
of vital importance, not only to Poland, but also affecting the whole of Europe.
" 2. If, in spite of the constant endeavours of the Polish Government^
the Soviet Government should not agree to an understanding, freely arrived
at, the Polish Government, desirous of assuring to the country internal peace
and liberty, suggest that a Military Inter-Allied Commission be set up,
under the control of which the local Polish administration would discharge
its functions until the resumption of authority by the legitimate Government.
The Commission would have at their disposal military contingents supplied
by the Powers represented on it. The status of the Commission and the
principles on which the local administration would be based, should be